Radio Transmitter

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Thursday, April 2, 2009

Mini-box 2W Amplifier

Designed for self-powered 8, 4 & 2 Ohm loudspeakers
Bass-boost switch

This amplifier was designed to be self-contained in a small loudspeaker box. It can be feed by Walkman, Mini-Disc, iPod and CD players, computers and similar devices fitted with line or headphone output. Of course, in most cases you will have to make two boxes to obtain stereo.
The circuit was deliberately designed using no ICs and in a rather old-fashioned manner in order to obtain good harmonic distortion behavior and to avoid hard to find components. The amplifier(s) can be conveniently supplied by a 12V wall plug-in adapter. Closing SW1 a bass-boost is provided but, at the same time, volume control must be increased to compensate for power loss at higher frequencies.

In use, R9 should be carefully adjusted to provide minimal audible signal cross-over distortion consistent with minimal measured quiescent current consumption; a good compromise is to set the quiescent current at about 10-15 mA. To measure this current, wire a DC current meter temporarily in series with the collector of Q3.


  • P1_____________10K Log.Potentiometer
  • R1,R2__________33K 1/4W Resistors
  • R3_____________33R 1/4W Resistor
  • R4_____________15K 1/4W Resistor
  • R5,R6___________1K 1/4W Resistors
  • R7____________680R 1/4W Resistor
  • R8____________120R 1/2W Resistor
  • R9____________100R 1/2W Trimmer Cermet
  • C1,C2__________10µF 63V Electrolytic Capacitors
  • C3____________100µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitor
  • C4,C7_________470µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitors
  • C5_____________47pF 63V Ceramic Capacitor
  • C6____________220nF 63V Polyester Capacitor
  • C8___________1000µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitor
  • D1___________1N4148 75V 150mA Diode
  • Q1____________BC560C 45V 100mA PNP Low noise High gain Transistor
  • Q2____________BC337 45V 800mA NPN Transistor
  • Q3____________TIP31A 60V 4A NPN Transistor
  • Q4 ___________TIP32A 60V 4A PNP Transistor
  • SW1___________SPST switch
  • SPKR__________3-5 Watt Loudspeaker, 8, 4 or 2 Ohm impedance
Technical data:

Output power:
  • 1.5 Watt RMS into 8 Ohm, 2.5 Watt into 4 Ohm, 3.5 Watt into 2 Ohm (1KHz sinewave)
  • 100mV input for 1.5W output @ 8 Ohm
Frequency response:
  • 30Hz to 20KHz -1dB
  • Total harmonic distortion @ 1KHz & 10KHz:
  • <0.2%>

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