Radio Transmitter

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Wednesday, April 1, 2009

1KHz Sine wave Generator

Simple circuitry, low distortion, battery operated
Variable, low impedance output up to 1V R

Circuit description:

This circuit generates a good 1KHz sinewave adopting the inverted Wien bridge configuration (C1-R3 & C2-R4). It features a variable output, low distortion and low output impedance in order to obtain good overload capability. A small filament bulb ensures a stable long term output amplitude waveform. Useful to test the Precision Audio Millivoltmeter, Three-Level Audio Power Indicator and other audio circuits posted to this website.

  • R1____________5K6 1/4W Resistor
  • R2____________1K8 1/4W Resistor
  • R3,R4________15K 1/4W Resistors
  • R5__________500R 1/2W Trimmer Cermet
  • R6__________330R 1/4W Resistor
  • R7__________470R Linear Potentiometer
  • C1,C2________10nF 63V Polyester Capacitors
  • C3__________100µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitor
  • C4__________470nF 63V Polyester Capacitor
  • Q1,Q2_______BC238 25V 100mA NPN Transistors
  • LP1___________12V 40mA Filament Lamp Bulb (See Notes)
  • J1__________Phono chassis Socket
  • SW1__________SPST Slider Switch
  • B1_____________9V PP3
  • Clip for 9V PP3 Battery


  • The bulb must be a low current type (12V 40-50mA or 6V 50mA) in order to obtain good long term stability and low distortion.
  • Distortion @ 1V RMS output is 0.15% using a 12V 40mA bulb, raising to 0.5% with a 12V 100mA one.
  • Using a bulb differing from specifications may require a change of R6 value to 220 or 150 Ohms to ensure proper circuit's oscillation.
  • Set R5 to read 1V RMS on an Audio Millivoltmeter connected to the output with R7 rotated fully clockwise, or to view a sinewave of 2.828V Peak-to-Peak amplitude on the oscilloscope.
  • With C1, C2 = 100nF the frequency generated is 100Hz and with C1, C2 = 1nF frequency is 10KHz but R5 requires adjustment.
  • High gain transistors are preferred for better performance.

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